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Monogamous: Breeding with only one other penguin.

Forage: Hunting or looking food.

Mesoptile Plumage: An outer layer found on the penguin 24 days after it hatches.  Used to keep the penguin warm.

Crèches: Colonies formed by the young penguins, (for warmth), when the parents are away at sea.

Bobbagoning: A way of transportation used by the penguins' to get from one place to another.  They fall flat on their bellies, mimicking a sled, and slide across the surface of the ice.  



1) Barlow, K.E.(2002,May). Seasonal and Interannual Variation in Foraging Range and Habitat of Macaroni Penguins.

         Marine Ecology Progress Series 232. Retrieved May 27, 2007, from EBSCOHost database.


2) Bingham, M. (2000). Macaroni Penguins. (Macaroni Penguins Macaroni Penguins). Retrieved March 28,2007, from   



3) Brown, C.R.(1987).Traveling Speed. Journal Field 58(2). Retrieved April 28, 2007, from EBSCOHost database.


4) Brown, Joseph W. 2007. Spenisciformes.Spheniscidae. Penguins. Version 21 March 2007(temporary).              
 in The Tree of Life  Project.                        


5) Crow, S. (1985). Penguins and Polar Bears. Washington DC: National Geographic Society.


6) Mastro, J. (2004). Under Antarctic Ice. Los Angeles: University of California Press.


7) Pete and Barb. (2005). Macaroni Penguins. Retrieved March 27, 2007, from


8) Roots, C. (2006). Flightless Birds. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.


9) Williams, T.D. (1991, August). Annual Variation in Breeding Biology of Macaroni Penguins (Eudyptes        

            Chrysolophus) at Bird Island, South Georgia. Journal of Zoology 223(2). Retrieved March 26,2007, from            



10) Wildlife Connection. Copywright Unknown. Macaroni Penguins. Retvrieved April 10, 2007, from




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Gurpreet Kaur Dulai

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