Phylogenetic Tree

Picture made by the creator of this website. The phylogenetic tree to the left is the most current classification of the Kingdom Fungi. The vertical lines all represent synapomorphies. A synapomorphy is a trait that is shared by two or more taxa and their most common ancestor. The first vertical line represents the characteristic of possessing a posterior flagella which a Chytridiomycete has, and every other fungi lacks. The next vertical line represents externally-borne sexual zygospores. Each organism below Zygomycetes lacks a zygospore. The third vertical line represents endomycorrhizae which breaks down into endo-in, myco-fungus, and rhizae-root. Glomeromycetes are located in the roots of plants to help plants capture nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. What separates Ascomycetes from Basidiomycetes is the internally-borne sac called an ascus.

The phylogenetic tree to the right is a very complex version of the species Omphalotus. ThisPicture provided by Mycologia. tree is split into two major clades "O. olearus" and "O. illudens" (Kirchmair et. al 2004) According to Campbell and Reece et. al, a clade is a group of species that includes an ancestral species and all its descendants. (2009) Omphalotus nidiformis, along with O. olearus, O. japonicus, O. olivascens, and O. subilludens belong to the "O. olearus clade." The numbers corresponding to the roots determine the current "bootstrap" or how similar the two species are based on characteristics. The second clade, "O. illudens" consists of O. mexicanus and O. illudens.

The phylogenetic tree below is a simplified version of the species Omphalotus. This tree is split into two similar clades as the previous tree: "O. olearus clade" and "O. illudens clade."

Picture made by the creator of this website.

If you would like to continue learning about Omphalotus nidiformis, please continue on to the Habitat page.