Aedes aegypti is one of the most problematic insect vectors in the transmission of human diseases. Among others, yellow fever continues to be an endemic problem, and dengue fever has proven to be a serious, growing threat. The main problem with the control of these mosquitoes is their resilience, ability to use a variety of habitats, and their fast generation time. The eggs of a mosquito can survive for months, even if they encounter dry conditions (Environmental Protection Agency, 2013). They can reproduce and establish a large population rapidly, since they can lay eggs in or near almost any source of standing water; rain barrels, empty containers, old tires, and any other water-holding object that is not sealed can be a potential mosquito breeding ground (American Mosquito Control Organization, 2013). Since they have different habitats for different life stages, eliminating one stage of the mosquito will not wipe out the population. For example, if a program eliminates adult mosquitoes, it won’t reach the egg and larval stages and the population will just return. Likewise, eliminating larval stages without getting rid of adults will not eradicate a population.

Another problem with the control of mosquitoes is the apathy of the public. The public’s mindset in many areas is that either the mosquitoes are the government’s job to eradicate, or there is nothing that can be done about the mosquito problem. This prevents people from taking simple measures to eliminate the mosquito populations around their own homes. In reality, the control of the mosquitoes can most effectively be established at the individual, family, and community level (American Mosquito Control Organization, 2013). The removal of breeding sites of mosquitoes, along with protecting people from being bitten, is what could ultimately result in the elimination of the mosquito problem. This cannot be done effectively by the government, but requires cooperation of communities and families. The United States environmental protection agency has specific guidelines for the removal of mosquito habitat from around the home; they mainly consist of getting rid of, sealing, or treating standing water. Their guidelines for preventing mosquito bites include the use of repellents, wearing appropriate clothing, screening windows to prevent mosquitoes from entering homes, and staying indoors when mosquitoes are the most active (Environmental Protection Agency, 2013). The government still has certain responsibilities, though.

The main role of the government should be educating the public, and contributing to research being developed on new control measures for the mosquitoes. Since the most effective current control measures need to be implemented by communities and families, educating its citizens should be the top priority in the government’s contributions to mosquito eradication. It should also aid in research efforts to find new methods of control; biological control methods, such as using mosquitoes’ natural predators such as copepods, tadpoles, and some fish to reduce their numbers, show a lot of potential for future use. As the system established for the order and protection of its citizens, it is the government’s responsibility to aid these efforts.



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