Source Citations

Amateur Entomologists’ Society 2013. <URL:
        articles/the-raiders-army-ants.html>. Accessed 2 November 2013.

Animal diversity 2012.  <URL:>.  
        Accessed 3 November 2013.

Antwiki 2013.  <URL:>.  Accessed 20 November 2013.

BBC 2013.  <URL:>. Accessed 12 November 2013.

Califano, D. and Chaves-Campos, J. 2011. Effect of trail pheromones and weather on the moving behavior
        of the army ant Eciton burchellii. Insectes Sociaux 58: 309-315.

Encyclopedia of life 2013.  <URL:>.  Accessed 15 November 2013.

Deneubourg, J.L, S. Goss, N. Franks, and J.M. Pasteels. 1989. The blind leading the blind: modeling
        chemically mediated army ant raid patterns. Journal of Insect Behavior 2: 719-725.

Franks, N. 1989. Army ants: a collective intelligence. American Scientist 77: 138-145.

Garnier, S, T. Murphy, M. Lutz, E. Hurme, S. Leblanc, and I.D. Couzin. 2013. Stability and responsiveness in
        self-organized living architecture. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton
        University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America 9:1-10.

Hymenoptera 1994.  <URL:>.  
        Accessed 21 November 2013.

Kumar, A. and O’Donnell, S. 2007. Fragmentation and elevation effects on bird-army ant interactions in
        neotropical montane forest of Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 23: 581-590.

Meisel, J. 2006. Thermal ecology of the neotropical army ant eciton burchellii. Ecological Applications 16:

Pawnation 2012.  <URL:>.  
        Accessed 12 November 2013.

Smith, A.A. and Haight, K.L. 2008. Army ants as research and collection tools. Journal of Insect Science,
        School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America 8: 1-5.

Tree of Life Web Project 2004. <URL:> Accessed 6 November

Wildscreen 2013.  <URL:>.  
        Accessed 18 November 2013.

Special thanks to Alex Wild for the encouragement of students to use his pictures for educational purposes.

Other relevant websites and articles you should consider looking into:
- (for amazing illustrations and pictures of Army Ants)

- (An article by Nigel R. Franks that compares the Army Ant navigational process to that of neural network)

- (A page by the University of Michigan dedicated to everyting Eciton Burchellii.  It's very well organized and has a lot of useful information)

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