BIO 203


U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (1995). Grizzly Bear.

Murray, J. A. (1995). Grizzly bears: An illustrated field guide. Boulder, Colorado: Roberts Rineharts Publishers.

Stewart, B.P., T.A. Nelson, M.A. Wulder, S.E. Nielsen and G. Stenhouse. Impact disturbance characteristics and age on grizzly bear habitat selection. Applied Geography 34: 614-625.

Fortin, J. K., C. C. Schwartz, K. A. Gunther, J. E. Tensberg, M. A. Haroldson, M. A. Evans, and C. T, Robbins. 2013. Dietary Adjustments of Grizzly Bears and American Black Bears in Yellowstone National Park. The Journal of Wildlife Management 77:270-281

Fortin, J. K., J. V. Ware, H. T. Jansen, C. C. Schwartz, and C. T. Robbins. 2013. Temporal Niche Switching by Grizzly Bears but not American Black Bears in Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Mammology 94:833-844

Vulla, E., K. A. Hobson, M. Korsten, M. Leht, A. J. Martin, A. Lind, P. Mannil, H. Valdmann, and U. Saarma. 2009. Carnivory is positively correlated with latitude among omnivorous mammals: evidence from brown bears, badgers and pine martens. Annales Zoologici Fennice 46:395-415

Nelson, O. L. and C. T. Robbins. 2010. Cardiac function adaptations in hibernating grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Journal of Comparative Physiology B-Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology 180:465-473

Christiansen, P. 2008. Feeding ecology and morphology of the upper canines in bears (Carnivora: Ursidae). Journal of Morphology 269:896-908

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