(1) Bartholomew, D, Paull, R and Rohrbach, K. 2003. The pineapple botany, production and uses. CAB International, New York, New York, USA.

(2) Clayton, M. 2006. University of Wisconsin- Madison plant systematics collection. <URL:> (Accessed April 19, 2012)

(3) Morphological innovations in Poales <URL:> (Accessed April 19, 2012)

(4) Morton, J. 1987. Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.

(5) Nakasone, H and Paull, R. 1998. Tropical fruits. CAB International, New York, New York, USA.

(6) Oshifuye, F. 2011. Food for thought- pineapples, for exceptional health. Lagos, Nigeria.

(7) Purseglove, J. 1972. Tropical crops- monocotyledons 1. Longman Group Limited, New York, New York, USA.

(8) Soto, Y. 2010. Pineapple producers reap the benefits of sustainable farming. The Rainforest Alliance, New York, New York, USA.

(9) The pineapple <URL: > (Accessed April 19, 2012)

Also thanks to Tomas Castelazo and Forest and Kim Starr for letting me use their images.

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USDA Pineapple plant profile

Perdue Univeristy's information page about pineapples