Close up of poison oak leaves.  Copyright © 2005 by Lawrence M. Kelly



Armstrong, W.P., and W.L. Epstein, MD.  1995. Poison Oak: More Than Just Scratching The Surface. Herbalgram 34: 36-92.

Beebe, C M.D. Western-Poison Oak. Accessed 10 April 2013.

Braslau,R., F. Rivera III, E. Lilie, and M. Cottman. 2013. Urushiol detection using a profluorescent nitroxide. Journal Of Organic Chemistry 70:2:238-245.

Epstein, W M.D, and S. Hauser, 2008. A Field Guide to Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, and Poison Sumac: Prevention and Remedies. The Globe Pequot Press.

Evans, M. 2001. Propagation protocol for poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum). Native Plant Journal 2: 108-109.

Gartner B.L.. 1991.  Is the climbing habit of poison oak ecotypic?. Functional Ecology 5: 696-704.

Howard, Janet L. 1994. Toxicodendron diversilobum.  Accessed 1 April 2013.

DiTomaso, J.M., and W.T. Lanini.  2012.  Pest in gardens and landscapes: poison oak.
Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis.

Stevens, P. F. 2012. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Accessed 2 April 2013.

Vaden, M. 2012. Poison Oak. Accessed 4 April 2013.

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