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Dingle, H. and T.A. Mousseau. 1993. Geographic variation in embryonic development time and    stage of diapause in a grasshopper. Oecologia: 179-185

Flint, M. L. 1998. Pests of the Garden and small farm. University of California Division of               Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication.

Martin, K.W., Hodges, A.C. and N.C. Leppla. 2012.  Citrus Pests Melanoplus devastator.> Accessed 24 March 2014.

Myers, P. 2001. “Animalia”. Animal Diversity Web>   Accessed 24 March 2014.

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Orr, M.R. 1996. Life-history adaption and reproductive isolation in grasshopper hybrid zone. Evolution: 704-716

Orr,  M.R., Porter, A.H., Mousseau, T.A. and H. Dingle. 1993. Molecular and morphological evidence for hybridization between two ecologically distinct grasshoppers (Melanoplus sanguinipes and M. devastator) in California. Heredity: 42-54

Pfadt, R.E. 1994. Devastating grasshopper Melanoplus devastator scudder. Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin> Accessed 20 March 2014.

Roff, D.A. and T. Mousseau. 2005. The evolution of the phenotypic covariance matrix: evidence for selection and drift in Melanoplus. Journal of Evolutionary Biology:104-114.

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Smith, T.R., J.G. Froeba and J.L. Capinera. 2004. Key to the grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) of Florida. Florida Entomologist: 537-550.

Tatar, M., Gray, D.W., and J.R. Carey. 1997. Altitudinal variation for senescence in Melanoplus grasshoppers. Oecologia: 357-364.

Whitman, D.W. 2008. The significance of body size in the Orthoptera: a review. Journal of      Orthoptera Research 17(2): 117-134.

Photography Credit: Photos taken by Blake Suttle in 2013 from a California grassland.

Photograpy Credit: Ron Hemberger and Peter J. Bryant



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