The Sumatran Tiger has many advantages when it comes to dominating the food chain in Sumatra. The first adaptation is a characteristic of the Felidae: heavy black stripes that surround the body (Dacrus, 2007). These stripes help with camouflage, which in turn help with hunting. Once the prey has been acquired, they must be able to hold on to it. Furthermore, this tiger has a short rostrum and tooth row, which allows for increased bite force (Etnyre, E. et al. 2011).

      Additionally, their posture allows for a rapid stride rate, and very powerful forelimbs help keep hold of its prey. Felidae in particular have hard papillae that are used to scrape flesh right off the bone of the prey (Dacrus, 2007).  

     Also, Sumatran tigers have the ability to retract their claws when not in use. This is crucial, because otherwise they can get in the way when chasing down prey. According to the Toronto Zoo, “this subspecies has extremely long whiskers which form effective sensors when moving through the particularly dense undergrowth of this tiger's habitat”. Sumatran tigers also have partially webbed paws that make them excellent swimmers. This is especially helpful when hunting, because the tiger will most likely, if not always, have the upper hand in the water. The Sumatran tiger also has white spots, known as “eye spots”, on the back of its ears. This is believed to be an adaptation that wards off sneaking predators, as these “eye spots” look very large from the back.

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