BIO 210


Anderson, Phil.  2010.  Kingdom Animalia: general characteristics of animals.  St. Rosemary Educational Institution.  22 March 2011.



Burch, J.B.  1962.  How to know the Eastern land snails.  W.C. Brown Company, Dubuque, Iowa, USA.  p  54.


“Domain Eukarya”.  22 March 2011.



“Gastrocopta tappaniana (C.B. Adams, 1842)”.  Encylopedia of Life.  22 March 2011. <>.


Hickman, C.P., L.S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, A. Larson, and D.J. Eisenhour.  2009.  Animal diversity.  5th edition.  McGraw Hill, New York, New York, USA.  p 179-191.


Illinois land snails and slugs.  2009.  Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  27 March 2011. <>.


Nekola, J.  2007.  Key to the terrestrial gastropod genera of Wisconsin and nearby states.  27 March 2011.



Nekola, J.C.  2002.  Effects of fire management on the richness and abundance of central North American grassland land snail faunas.  Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 25.2: 53-66.


Nekola, J.C.  2003.  Terrestrial gastropod fauna of northeastern Wisconsin and the southern upper peninsula of Michigan.  American Malacological Bulletin 18: 23-46.


Pearce, T.A., M.C. Fields, and K. Kurita.  2007. Discriminating shells of Gastrocopta pentodon (Say, 1822) and G. tappaniana (C.B. Adams, 1842) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) with an example from the Delmarva Peninsula, eastern USA.  The Nautilus 121: 66-75.


Pilsbry, H.A. 1948. Land mollusca of North America (north of Mexico). Volume 2.  The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. p 889-890.


"Snail diet and feeding habits.  2011."



“Snail facts”.  2007.  23 March 2011. <>.


“Snail facts”.  BioExpedition.  23 March 2011. <>.


“Stylommatophora”.  BayScience Foundation.  22 March 2011.



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