The distribution of Vertigo gouldii is in Alabama, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia, and parts of Canada. (Perez, 2008)

      The normal habitat for these snails is under logs, rocks, moss, lichen, and fallen leaves. (Royal British Columbia Museum, 2002) They are usually found in humid environments. (Pilsbry, 1948)