Other Useful Links:

A Nature Serve Explorer Comprehensive Report on Zonitoides nitidus:

Encyclopedia of Life Report on Zonitoides nitidus: 

Integrated Taxonomic Information System Standard Report on Zonitoides nitidus:  


Animal Base 2011. Zonitoides nitidus. <URL:>. Accessed 19 October 2011.

Baker, F.C. 1939. Fieldbook of Illinois land snails. State of Illinois Natural History Survey Division, Urbana, Illinois, USA, Manual 2:37, 64, 78-80.

Biological Library 2011. Zonitoides nitidus, Black Gloss. <URL:>. Accessed 19 October 2011.

Chase, R.B. 2002. Behavior and its neural control in gastropod molluscs. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA.
Hickman, C.P., L.S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, A. Larson, and A. Eisenhour. 2008. Animal diversity. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, New York, New York, USA.
Hubricht, L. 1985. The distribution of the native land mollusks of the eastern United States. Fieldiana Zoology 24:32, 138.

Jacksonville Shell Club 2011. <URL:>. Accessed 19 October 2011.

Jordaens, K., T. Baceliau, P. Ondina, H. Reise, and R. Verhagen. 1998. Allozyme homozygosity and phally polymorphism in the land snail Zonitoides nitidus (gastropoda, pulmonata). Journal of Zoology. 246:95-104.

Jordaens, K., R.P. Van and T. Backeljau. 2003. Molecular and morphological discrimination between the pulmonate land snails Zonitoides nitidus, Z. excavatus. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69:295-300.

Kalisz, P.J., J.E. Powell. 2003. Effect of calcareous road dust on land snails (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) and millipedes (Diplopoda) in acid forest soils of the Daniel Boone national forest of Kentucky, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 186:177-183.

Leaf Little Critters 2011. <URL:>. Accessed 3 November 2011.
Pilsbry, H.A. 1946. Land mollusca of North America (North of Mexico). Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Volume II, Part 1:476-480.
Rondelaud, D., P. Vignoles, G. Dreyfuss, and C. Mage. 2006. The control of Galba truncatula (gastropoda: lymnaeidae) by the terrestrial snail Zonitoides nitidus on acid soils. Biological Control. 39:290-299.
Watson, H. 1934. Genital dimorphism in Zonitoides. J. Conch 20:33-42.

Who can I contact with my questions, comments or concerns?