Academic Journals

Bennet, Charles J. et. al. 2011. Intersex and reproductive impairment of wild fish exposed to       
    multiple municipal wastewater discharges. Aquatic Toxicology 104: 278-290.  

Christian, A. D., R. L. Johnson and M. R. Weston. 2010. Niche partitioning of the sympatric yellowcheek darter         Etheostoma moorei and Etheostoma caeruleum in the Little Red River, Arkansas. American Midland    
    Naturalist 164 (2): 187-200.

Crane, Adam L., Andrea K. Fritts, Alicia Mathis, John C. Lisek and Chris Barnhart. 2011. Do gill parasites
    influence the foraging and antipredator behaviour of rainbow darters, Etheostoma caeruleum. Animal
    Behaviour 82: 817-823.

Crane, A. L., A. Mathis and D. Woods. 2009. Behavioural responses to alarm cues by free-ranging rainbow
    darters (Etheostoma caeruleum). Behaviour 146: 1565-1572.

Fuller, Rebecca C. 1998. Sperm competition affects male behaviour and sperm output in the rainbow darter.
    Proceedings of the Royal Society 265: 2365-2371.

Guill, J. M., C. S. Hood and D. C. Heins. 2003. Body shape variation within and among three darter species
    (Perciformes:Percidae). Ecology of Freshwater Fish 12: 134-140.

Johnson, Ronald L. and Michael R. Weston. 2008. Visible implant elastomer as a tool for marking Etheostoma
    darters (Actinoptergyii: Percidae). Southeastern Naturalist 7: 159-164.

Ray, M. J., M. R. Wood and M. A. Simons. 2006. Phylogeography and post-glacial colonization patterns of the
    rainbow darter, Etheostoma caeruleum (Teleostei: Percidae). Journal of Biogeography 33: 1550-1558.

Schlosser, I. J. and L. A. Toth. 1984. Niche relationships and population ecology of rainbow (Etheostoma
) and fantail (E. flabellare) darters in a temporally variable environment. OIKOS 42: 229-238.

Tonnis, B.D. 2006. Microsatellite DNA markers for the rainbow darter, Etheostoma caeruleum (Percidae),
    and their potential utility for other darters species. Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 230-232.


Beggs, L. and H. VanRy. The French Creek Watershed: A community tresure. <URL:[final].pdf>. Accessed 9
    April 2013.

Carlson, D. M., M. Carlson and C. E. Kraft. Inland fishes of New York 2006. <URL:    
    http:>. Accessed 10 April 2013.

Encyclopedia Britannica 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 10
    April 2013.

Encyclopedia of Life 2011. <URL:>. Accessed 10 April 2013.

Lyons, J. A splash of color 1999. <URL:>.     
    Accessed 10 April 2013.

Marko, K. and W. Fink. Rainbow darter 2013. <URL:   >.
    Accessed 9 April 2013.