Stomping Grounds

Typha latifolia has a very specific habitat. It grows dominantly in wetland areas usually along fresh-water lakes or rivers. The more shallow the water, the higher reproduction success. It is found in open canopy areas, where trees are spaced further apart, because it is very intolerant to shade. Growth of T. latifolia is greatly affected by texture, moisture and temperature. The wetland area is also home to organisms like the monarch butterfly, the Canadian goose, and the mosquito.




T. latifolia is found all around the world. In the U.S., it can be found in all 50 states, although it cannot be found in the U.S. Virgin Islands or Puerto Rico.  It is also found in the majority of Canada, excluding Nunavut. The plant is invasive, meaning it grows rapidly and can quickly take over an area. Following a major disturbance (fire, logging, extreme temperatures, natural disasters, etc.), it is one of the first plants to start growing naturally. Although they are one of the first plants to start growing after a disturbance, they tend to die off as other species start to regrow in the area. It is also invasive to Hawaii, where it is not a native plant.

Above: Blue indicates Typha latifolia as a native species


How has the cattail adapted to its conditions? Click here to find out.


Back to the marsh