The red fox’s habitat covers most of the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and the northern part of Africa (Animal Diversity Web). Red Foxes are able to cover such a wide variety of landscapes because they are unspecialized (Baldwin, 2012). Being unspecialized means the red fox can adapt to many different types of environments. Some of the landscapes that are occupied by the red fox are woodlands, mountain ranges, farmland, and even cities (National Geographic).

Besides being unspecialized, the red fox can survive in so many areas because they can occupy a habitat as long as they have enough food, an adequate shelter, and have the ability to reproduce (Baldwin, 2012). Not only are red foxes unspecialized when it comes to their habitats, they are also unspecialized when it comes to food. They are omnivores, which means they eat animals and vegetables (Bluett, 1984). This gives them the ability to live in places like cities and high altitudes like mountain ranges. Red Fox

An individual fox will live in an area that covers anywhere from 150 acres to 400 acres, this is called their home range (Bluett, 1984). Their territory size depends on what they need to survive (Baldwin, 2012). Usually a small territory would be a woodland area and a large territory would be an agricultural area (Bluett, 1984). A single fox or a monogamous pair will occupy a single territory. The territories that each red fox establishes will never over lap with another red foxes territory (Bluett, 1984).

Depending on the different environments that the red fox lives in depends on the other animals the red fox will co-exist with. In general, the red fox will encounter other animals like deer, coyotes, small rodents, squirrels, mice, voles, shrews, owls, other predatory birds, hedgehogs, porcupines, and humans (Baldwin, 2012). In addition, the red fox will encounter many types of plants as well.

To learn more about what the fed fox diet, visit the nutrition page!