Dosidicus gigas derived its name from the Latin word “gigas”, which means “a giant”.

Domain: Eukarya       Kingdom: Animalia       Phylum: Mollusca             Class: Cephalopoda          Order: Teuthida         Suborder: Oegopsina     Family: Ommastephidae  Genus: Dosidicus  Species: Dosidicus gigas

Eukarya- the first prokaryote organisms to emerge 1.7 billion years ago. It includes all organisms that possess eukaryotic cells (membranous organelles). Unicellular, and multicellular organisms both fall under this category. It includes the vast majority of organisms we come across each day such as most Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia, like the Roosevelt Elk for instance.


Animalia- made up of highly organized eukaryotic cells, and those cells differentiate into various tissues which become a specialized structure for the animal. All animals also need a metabolism, which is the breakdown of food to acquire ATP energy. Most animals also have a means of reproduction, whether it be with another mate, or the species is a hermaphrodite and can create offspring with itself. This is an example of an Organism sharing the same branch, and the dolphin shown to the right is another species that belongs in the Animalia kingdom.

 Mollusca- the mollusks constitute one of the largest phyla of animals, both in species richness and in numbers of individuals. A significant characteristic of mollusks is their possession of a coelom, a fluid-filled cavity. The coelom not only functions as a hydrostatic skeleton but also provides space within which the internal organs can be suspended. All mollusks have a soft body which is generally protected by a hard, calcium-containing shell. In some forms however, the shell has been lost in the course of evolution, as in slugs and octopuses. reduced in size and internalized, as in squids.

Cephalopods- the cephalopods are considered to be the most highly evolved class of molluscs. These organisms have a highly evolved visual system, and tentacles with suction cups. They are all marine, and active predators. They are, by necessity, fast swimmers which use jet propulsion as a means of locomotion.  A similar organism is posted here.

Teuthida- this large order is comprised of the most popular of all the cephalopods: the squid, which contains around 300 different species. Squid are among the most intelligent of the invertebrates, with a large head encasing a large brain.  Resulting in axons as big as 1mm in length. The body is cigar-shaped and varies in color. Generally, they are a light pink. The deep-living species may appear bluish due to their ability to bioluminesce. The body has 2 lateral fins, one on either side, that makes them more streamlined so they can swim faster.

Oegopsina- the Oegopsina are deep sea pelagic squid. The head is without tentacle pockets, eyes lack a corneal covering, arms and tentacle clubs may have hooks, and the buccal supports are without suckers.

Ommastrephidae- the Ommastrephidae are small to large squids, with mantle lengths ranging from that of the glass squid (Hyaloteuthis pelagica) at 9 cm, to the Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas) at 1.5 m. The mantle narrows towards the back and possesses large terminal fins. The family is characterized by an inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage. They have an easily recognizable, slender, feather-shaped gladius with a hollow cone structure. Light organs are present along the head and mantle of members of the subfamily. Ommastrephid arms have a double series of suckers. The enlarged tips of the tentacles have four rows of suckers and hooks are absent. One of the ventral arms develops into a secondary sexual organ in males.


Dosidicus- Dosidicus gigas is the only species belonging to the Dosidicus genus. They are predatory squid that live in the depths of the Humboldt current, they are also the largest of the squid family.












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