Photo: NIAID Biodefense Research
mass vaccination campaigns began in 1934. Prophylactic therapy is
a type of therapy for those in close contact with people infected with
Yersinia pestis. These people are treated with Sulfonamide
suffering from plague, treatment is broad but the three main antibiotics
are Streptomyacin, Tetracycline, and Chloramphenicol. The latter
is the most frequently used.
In 1995 the
first multiresistant strain of Yersinia pestis was isolated in
Madagascar. Most recently in 2000 and 2001, drug resistant strains
of bubonic plague were discovered, again in Madagascar.