Environment and Habitat



Reproduction and Life


What it takes to be a Beluga


Facts and About Me






















ŠLisa Walter, 2007

            A Whale Of A Tale!

https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/xq.html      Belugas never enter water that is warmer than 59° Fahrenheit. Also, they are only located in the cold waters of the North in  the continuous band of waters around the North Pole. Belugas inhabit the Arctic Ocean areas along with other mammals like Killer Whales, Humans and some other arctic fish. The Beluga's distribution to the niche is  that it consumes a variety of fish and organisms which allows for genetic variation among the species and takes the weak or dying fish out of the genetic pool.   

*(Darker Blue is the Beluga's Habitat)
(Predominant in arctic waters of USA/ Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway)

Busy, Busy Belugas

     During the summer months Belugas migrate to the North and during winter months belugas migrate South, away from the ice and horribly cold waters. They migrate at an average for 2 miles an hour and can keep that pace for two straight days. They gather in groups of between 100 and 200 belugas to migrate. The biggest threat during the winter times are that if they do not migrate early enough they can become trapped by the quickly forming ice. If such occurs there is little possibility for them to survive. While trapped in the ice pockets there is no way for the belugas to get enough air or food and are easily killed by polar bears.

 http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/                      Vacation!                                            -- Pod Of Migrating Belugas

     The summer grounds a lot of the time are freshwater outlets of streams. Some researchers actually think that the wrinkles on the Beluga's skin is because somehow it adapts to the switching between the salt waters of the ocean to the freshwater streams. The group can occupy the freshwater outlets for hours or days but some danger does occur from being in such shallow areas. Some belugas may get caught in the falling tides and be stuck on the shore. Severe dehydration and skin damage usually occurs before the tide comes back up and they are able to swim off. The Beluga has a mucus that secretes from  their eyes when they are stranded to keep their eyes moist, often looks like the whale is crying. Usually the Beluga survives being stranded, but if that situation were to occur it is their most vulnerable time to predators.

Top Picture Provided By: CIA. The World Factbook. (online).
Bottom Picture Provided By: NOAA. (online).