Arena, J. M., Hardin, J. W., (1974) Human poisoning from native and cultivated plants, second edition. Kingsport TN: Kingsport Press.

Grechkin, A. N., Latypova, L.R., Mukharova, L.S., Mukhitova, F.K., Ogorodnikova, A.V. (2008) Detection of divinyl ether synthase in Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaraia majalis) roots. Phytochemistry, 69(16), 2793-2798.

Loffelhardt, W., Kopp B., Kublea, W. (1979). Intracellular distribution of cardiac glycosides in leaves of Convallaria majalis. Phytochemistry, 18(8), 1289-1291.

Lofton, A. (2005). Lily of the Valley. Encyclopedia of Toxicology 2(1), 719-720.

Muenscher, W. C.  (1966). Poisonous plants of the United States. New York, NY: The Macmillan Company.

Szczawinski, A. F., Turner, N. J. (1991). Common poisonous plant and mushrooms of North America. Portland, OR: Timberland Press.

Vandepitte, K., Roldan-Ruiz, I., Jacquemyn, H., Honnay, O. (2010). Extremely low genotypic diversity and sexual reproduction in isolated populations of the self-incompatible lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) and the role of the local forest environment. Annals Of Botany, 105(5), 769-776.

Head on over to the gallery to get a visual representation of this beautiful plant.