Animal Corner. 2014. <URL:> Accessed 24 March

Animal Diversity, Phoenicopterus chilensis Chilean flamingo 2007. <URL: http://animaldiversity.ummz.>. Accessed 21 March 2014.

Archer M., R.P Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy. 2010. First record of Palaelodus (Aves:
     Phoenicopteriformes) from New Zealand. Australian Museum 62:77-88.

Arkive, Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis). 2013. URL: <
     /phoenicopterus-chilensis/> Accessed 15 March 2014.

Baldassarre, G.A., and R.A Schmitz. 1992. Contest asymmetry and multiple bird conflicts during foraging
     among nonbreeding American Flamingos in Yucatan, Mexico. Condor  94:254–259.

Barry, Elizabeth, Mairéad A. Farrell, and Nicola Marples. 2000. Breeding behavior in a flock of Chilean
     Flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis) at Dublin Zoo. Zoo Biology 19:227-237

Beaumont, J.H, E.W Cusson, J. Fowler and E.F Stevens. 1992. Nesting behavior in a flock of Chilean
     Flamingos. Zoo Biology 11:209-214.

Bildstein, K.L, B.W. Bohmke, C.B Golden, B.J McCraith and R.E Seibels. 1993. Feeding behavior,
     aggression, and the conservation biology of flamingos: integrating studies of captive and free-ranging
     birds. American Zoology 33:117–125.

Biomed Central, Relationships and ages of the flamingos 2014.  URL: <
     /1471-2148/14/36/figure/F1> Accessed 21 March 2014.

BirdLife International, Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus chilensis (2014). <URL:
     /datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3770>. Accessed 21 March 2014.

Bucher, Enrique H., and Erio Curto. 2012. Influence of long-term climatic changes on breeding of the
     Chilean flamingo in Mar Chiquita, Córdoba, Argentina. Waterbirds: The International Journal of
     Waterbird Biology, 23:114-118.

Cain, M.L., N.A. Campbell, R.B. Jackson, P.V. Minorsky, J.B. Reece, L.A. Urry, and S.A. Wasserman. 2008.
     Biology Eighth Edition. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, California, USA.

Cassini, G., M. Grana Grille, R.E. Maragliano and D. Montali. 2012. The reliability of morphometric
     discriminant functions in determining the sex of Chilean flamingos Phoenicopterus chilensis. Current
     Zoology 58:851-855.

Caziani, S.M., J.P. Contreras, E.J. Derlindati, O.R. Olivio, C. Quiroga, E.R. Ramirez, D. Ricalde, M. Romano,
     H. Sosa, A. Talamo and M. Valqui. 2007. Seasonal distribution, abundance and nesting of Puna, Andean,
     and Chilean flamingos. The Condor 109:276-287.

Cézilly, F., A. Viallefont, V. Boy, and A.R. Johnson. 1996. Annual variability in survival and breeding
     probability in greater flamingos. Ecology 77:1143-1150.

Cheasapeake College, Class Aves: The birds. URL: <>
Accessed 16 March 2014.

Chilean Flamingo 2007.URL: <
     .pdf> Accessed 21 March 2014.

Conservation Patagonica News <URL:
> Accessed 23 March 2014.

Dampier, S.M., D.E. Gaalema, T.L. Maple, A.L. Martin and Bonnie M. Perdue. 2010. Factors affecting
     aggression in a captive flock of Chilean flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis). Zoo Biology. 30:59-64.

EOL (Encyclopedia of Life), Chilean flamingos Phoenicopterus chilensis 2010. URL: <
> Accessed 15 March 2014.

EOL (Encyclopedia of Life), Animalia 2011. URL: <> Accessed 15 March

Field Guide. <URL
     phoenicopterus-chilensis> Accessed on 27 March 2014.

Ferrari B., M.A.F. Gillingham, L.M. Ogawa, M. van Tuinen and C.R. Torres. 2014. A multi-locus inference of
     the evolutionary diversification of extant flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). BMC Evolutionary Biology<URL:>. Accessed 16 March 2014.

King, C. 1994. Management and research implications of selected behavior in a mixed colony of flamingos
     at Rotterdam Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 33:103-113.

Kravets, F.O. and V. Mascitti. 2002. Bill morphology of South American flamingo. Condor:73-83.

Lee Richardson Zoo. <URL:> Accessed 15 March 2014. 

Lincoln Park Zoo. <URL:> Accessed 15 March

Mayr, G. 2004. Morphological evidence for sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves:
     Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140:157-169. Chilean flamingos mate to the music of Barry White <URL:
     national/chilean-flamingos-mate-to-the-music-of-barry-   white/story-e6frfkp9-1226447897978>
     Accessed 14 March 2014.

Oxford Dictionary. <URL:>
     Accessed 15 March 2014.

Stevens, E.F. 1991. Flamingo breeding: the role of group displays. Zoo Biology 10:53-64.

Studer-Thiersch, A. 2000. What 19 years of observation on captive greater flamingos suggests about
     adaptations to breeding under irregular conditions. Waterbirds: International Journal of Waterbird
     Biology 23:150–159.

University of Exeter. Inspiring Research: The curious world of flamingos. <URL:
> Accessed 13 March 2014.

Wicker, Jan Lee. 2004. Pineapple Press. “Those Funny Flamingos”. 9-17.

Wildlife Journal Junior, Phoenicopteriformes—Flamingos 2014. URL: <
     Phoenicopteriformes.asp> Accessed 15 March 2014.

Woodland Park Zoo 2014. <URL:>. Accessed 21
     March 2014.

Return to Home Page