Image of a Sea Anemone with permission from Petr VodickaImage of cluster of Sea Anemonies, with permission from Brocken Inglory


Below is a list of sources that I have used to gather all of the information on the web page.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 2010. <URL:>. Accessed 14 April 2014.

Online Etymology Dictionary 2001. <URL: allowed_in_frame=0&search=maculatus&searchmode=none>. Accessed 22 April 2014.

Mebs, D. 2009. Chemical biology of the mutualistic relationship of sea anemones with fish and crustaceans. Toxicon 54: 1071-1074.

Milne Edwards, H. 1837. Historie naturelle des Crustaces, comprenant I'anatomie, la physiologie. et al calssification de ces animaux. Roret, Paris. France 

Monterey Bay Aquarium 2014. <URL:>. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Shedd. The World's Aquarium 2001.<URL:>. Accessed 14 April 2014.

Stillman, J. H. 2002. Causes and consequences of thermal tolerance limits in rocky intertidal porcelain crabs, genus Petrolisthes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42 (4): 790-796.

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 16 April 2014.

Tomanek, L. and B. Helmuth. 2002. Physiological ecology of rocky intertidal organism: A synergy of concepts. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42 (4): 771-775.

Valdivia, N. and W. Stotz. 2006. Feeding behavior of the porcellanid crab Allopetrolisthes spinifrons, symbiont of the sea anemone Phymactis papillosa. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26 (3): 308-315.

Western Australian Museum 2012. <URL:>. Accessed 23 April 2014.

Windows to the Universe 2010 <URL:>. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Wikimedia Commons 2014. <>. Accessed 16 April 2014.


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