Anti-Cancer Bryozoan!




Species- Bugula neritina  


Domain Eukarya
The Domain Eukarya is characteristic of having eukaryotic cells.  Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.  Organisms within this domain can be unicellular, multicellular or colonial (Domain Eukarya 2013). Explore the diversity of the domain Eukarya by checking out any of the following organisms Populus deltoides, slime molds, or Laetiporus sulphureus!

Organisms within the kingdom Animalia are multicellular and eukaryotic.  In addition, organisms obtain their food from outside sources, therefore, they are heterotrophs.  Within Kingdom Animalia, food is stored at glycogen or fat (Kingdom Animalia, 2014). Food can either be digested first and then absorbed such as in the organism Elephas maximus or the food can be ingested and then digested such as in the organism Aspergillus fumigatus.

Phylum-Bryozoa a.k.a Ectoprocta

Bryozoa means “outside anus”.  This means the anus is located outside of the lophophore structure.  Organisms within this phylum have zooids and an avicularium structure which is used in keeping predators away (An Introduction to the Study of Invertebrate Zoology).

Used with permission by Joseph Dirnberge.

Ectoprocta phylum in relation to its neighboring Lophotrochozoa phylums.       

This class of bryozoa is strictly marine bryozoans with a circular lophophore structure (Merriam Webster 2014).  In addition, the zooids within this class are compact (Classification of the Dutch freshwater bryozoan, 2007).

The order Cheilostomata is characterized by a calcareous or chitinous covering over the individual members of a colony (Cheilostomata, 2014).

Within the family Bugulidae, the ovicells are independent of each other and have an ectooecium membrane (Bugulidae, 2011).

Genus species-Bugula neritina
Bugula neritina is characterized as the only bryozoan having a reddish-purple color with straight bushy tufts.  They also have globular ovicells and no avicularium (The Exotics Guide, 2011). Redrawn from Complete mitochondrial genome of Bugula neritina (Bryozoa, Gymnolaemata, Cheilostomata): phylogenetic position of Bryozoa and phylogeny of lophophorates within the Lophotrochozoa 

Phylogenetic tree showing Bugula neritina in the Bryozoa phylum with its sister species, Flustrellidra hispida 

For more interesting exotic marine animals visit The Exotics Guide: Non-Native Marine Species of the North American Pacific!

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