Royal Penguins in the Tide



The Eudyptes schlegeli, or Royal Penguins, are found usually in subantarctic climates and islands. The Royal Penguins are aquatic and flightless birds that reproduce sexually and lay eggs. The common time period for the Eudyptes schlegeli to lays its eggs are in the month of October, generally around the 20-23 day of the month (Hindell et al. 2012.) The date that thePicture of Royal Penguins on a Beach penguins choose to lay their eggs is affected by the climate, warmer weather usually brings about an earlier time to lay their eggs (Hindell et al. 2012.) Eudyptes schlegeli are colonial breeders (Holmes. 2007.) which means that they tend to breed in large groups of birds for protection from predators as well as warmth and blocking of the strong winds of their habitats. The favorite place for a Royal Penguin to lay its eggs are in very open and easily accessible nest sites such as smooth beaches or plains (Holmes. 2007.) When the Royal Penguin lays its eggs it usually lays two eggs (Hindell et al. 2012.) This is because when it lays both of its eggs it tends to only have the second egg survive and hatch. The first egg is usually smaller and has a less chance of survival than the second egg does (St Clair. 1995.) In many instances the Eudyptes schlegeli have even ejected their own first egg from the nest due to lack of size and predicted survival of their young (St Clair. 1995.) An observing scientist recorded that out of one hundred and thirty seven first eggs, only one actually survived until it was able to hatch. While the egg is incubating, unlike many other species of penguins, the Royal Penguins are watched over by their mothers and not their fathers (St Clair. 1995.) The eggs of the Royal Penguins are usually incubated for around 30 days after being laid until they hatch. Royal Penguins Breeding on the BeachOnce the chick is born it is guarded and raised by the father for about three to four weeks before the chick is ready to join the main group of penguins. The young Royal Penguins are still fed by their parents until late in January when the whole group of Eudyptes schlegeli return to live in the sea until the following breeding season. This can be shown by the new chicks beginning to molt at the age of about sixty days which shows that they are ready to start hunting for themselves (see adaptation page). After that, the young Royal Penguin spends the next five to six years maturing and hunting in the ocean before it is ready to start laying its own eggs. During the first few years that the Eudyptes schlegeli attempt to lay eggs, the young parents are usually unsuccessful. Reproductive attempts can begin at the age of about five to six years old, but they do not raise strong, healthy offspring generally until the age of about ten years.

In its life the Eudyptes schlegeli live to be around fifteen to Picture of a Royal Penguintwenty years old (A-Z Animals. 2013.) They also grow to an average weight of six and a half to thirteen pounds and have an average height of twenty four to twenty seven inches (A-Z Animals. 2013.) Throughout its life, the Royal Penguins tend to stay in the Antarctic waters and the rocky islands that surround them; they are not migratory birds so movements of large distances are not common. The Royal Penguins simply stay where they are, swim around in the ocean to hunt, and return to Macquarie Island to mate and lay their eggs as well as raise their young for the first few months. Ultimately, the Eudyptes schlegeli live a simple life of swimming in the ocean for food and then returning to islands for mating season.

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