Invasive Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum)



Baynes, M. A., D. M. Russell, G. Newcombe, L.K. Carta, A.Y. Rossman, and A. Ismaiel.2012. A mutualistic interaction between a fungivorous nematode and a fungus within the endophytic community of Bromus tectorum. Science Direct: 610-623.

Borror, D.J. 1960. Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms. Mayfield Publishing Company, Mountain View, California, USA.

Bromus tectorum 2014. < URL: >. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Bykova, O. and R.F. Sage. 2012. Winter cold tolerance and the geographic range separation of Bromus tectorum and Bromus rubens, two severe invasive species in Northern America. Global Change Biology 18: 3654-3663.
California invasive plant council 2014.URL:< >. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Dyer, A. R., J.L. Hardison, and K. J. Rice. 2011. Phenology constrains opportunistic growth response in Bromus tectorum L. Springer Link < URL: >. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Forbis, T.A.2010.Germination phenology of some Great Basin native annual forb species. Plant Species Biology 25:221-230.

Forest and Range 2006.URL:< >. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Global invasive species database 2005. URL:< >. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Goergen, E. M., E. A. Leger, and E.K. Espeland. 2011. Native perennial grasses show evolutionary response to Bromus tectorum(cheatgrass) invasion, PLoS ONE 6: . Accessed 16 February 2014.
Mealor, B.A., R. D. Mealor, W. K. Kelley, D. L. Bergman, S. A. Burnett, T. W. Decker, B. Fowers, M. E. Herget, C. E. Noseworthy, and J. L. Richards (University of Wyoming).Brown, C. S.,  K. G. Beck, and M.Fernandez-Gimenez (Colorado State University).2013. Cheatgrass Management Handbook: Managing an invasive annual grass in the Rocky  Mountain region. U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Institute of Food and Agriculture-Colorado State University, and the University of Wyoming.
Meyer, E. S., D. L. Nelson, S. Clement, and J. Beckstead.2008. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) biocontrol using indigenous fungal pathogens.USDA Forest Service Proceedings: 61-66.
Parkinson, H., C. Zabinski and Nancy Shaw.2013.Impact of native grasses and cheatgrass(Bromus tectorum) on Great Basin forb seedling growth. Rangeland Ecology & Management 2: 174-180.

PLANTS 2014.URL:<>. Accessed 30 March 2014.

Smith, P.1970. Taxonomy and nomenclature of the bromegrasses (Bromus L. s.l.). Notes Roy Bot Gard Edinb 30:361–375.

Speziale, K.L., S.A. Lambertucci and C. Ezcurra. 2013. Bromus tectorum invasion in South America: Patagonia under threat? Weed Research 54: 70-77.
Rowe, H.I.2008.The influence of soil inoculum and nitrogen availability on restoration of high-elevation steppe communities invaded by Bromus tectorum.Restoration Ecology 17: 686-694.
Weed of the week cheatgrass  2005. URL:< >. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Williams, W.M., A.V. Stewart and M.L. Willamson.2011.Bromus.Pages 15-30 in C. Kole, editor. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources Millets and Grasses. Springer-Verlag GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany.

Zouhar, K. 2003. Bromus tectorum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).   Accessed 23 March 2014.


  go to Homepage                                                                                                                                               go to Contact