Navigation            Back to Facts    -    Home    -    Continue to Gallery


Animal Diversity Web 2000. <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Appleton, D.R., R.C. Babcock, and B.R. Copp. 2001. Novel tryptophan-derived dipeptides and bioactive metabolites from the sea hare Aplysia dactylomela. Tetrahedron 57:10181-10189.

Bolland, Robert F. 2001. <URL:>. Accessed 25 March 2014.

Campbell, N.A. and J.B. Reece. 2008. Biology: Eighth Edition. Pearson Education, Inc., San Francisco, California, USA.

Carefoot, T.H., D. Karentz, S.C. Pennings, and C.L Young. 2000. Distribution of mycosporine-like amino acids in the sea hare Aplysia dactylomela: effect of diet on amounts and types sequestered over time in tissues and spawn. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 126:91-104.

DiMatteo, T. 1982. The ink of Aplysia dactylomela (Rang, 1828) (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) and its role as a defensive mechanism. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 57:169-180.

Emore, Melissa 2002. <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Encyclopedia of Life n.d.(a). <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Encyclopedia of Life n.d.(b). <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Lederhendler, I.I. 1977. The development of conspecific interactions in juvenile Aplysia dactylomela Rang, 1828: an observational study. The Veliger 20:173-178.

Lederhendler, I.I., K. Herriges, and E. Tobach. 1977. Taxis in Aplysia dactylomela (Rang, 1828) to water-borne stimuli from conspecifics. Journal of Animal Learning and Behavior 5:355-358.

Marine Species Identification Portal n.d.(a). <URL:>. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Marine Species Identifcation Portal n.d.(b). <URL:>. Accessed 24 March 2014.

Marine Species Identification Portal n.d.(c). <URL:>. Accessed 24 March 2014.

Marine Species Identification Portal n.d.(d). <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Marine Species Identification Portal n.d.(e). <URL:>. Accessed 24 March 2014.

Miller, Michael D. 1999. <URL:>. Accessed 25 March 2014.

MyWord 2007. <URL:>. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Nusnbaum, M. and C.D. Derby. 2010. Ink secretion protects sea hares by acting on the olfactory and nonolfactory chemical senses of a predatory fish. Animal Behaviour 79:1067-1076.

Overly, Anne n.d. <URL:>. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Scarborough, John. 1992. Medical and Biological Terminologies: Classical Origins. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.

Schrodl, Michael and Haumayr, U. 1999. <URL:>. Accessed 27 March 2014.

Schultz, Katja n.d. <URL:>. Accessed 22 March 2014.

Speer, B.R. 2000. <URL:>. Accessed 23 March 2014.

Toback, E., A. Zaferes, and L. Migenis-Lopez. 1989. Aplysia ink and opaline: exploration of their relation to predation.  Bulletin of Marine Science 45:664-670.

Rudman, W.B. 1999. <URL:>. Accessed 24 March 2014.

Uhl, Chris 1997. <URL:>. Accessed 15 April 2014.

University of Miami 2009. <URL:>. Accessed 23 March 2014.


Back to Facts    -    Home    -    Top of Page    -    Continue to Gallery


Image courtesy Scott A-P Muzlie, Wikipedia