Patera pennsylvanica



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Information on Patera pennsylvanica from Encyclopedia of Life

Information on Patera pennsylvanica from Discover Life

Information on Patera pennsylvanica from ZipcodeZoo

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Barnhart, M. C. 1986. Respiratory gas tensions and gas exchange in active and dormant land snails, Otala lactea . Physiological zoology, 733-745.

Blinn, W. C. 1963. Ecology of the land snails Mesodon thyroidus and Allogona profunda. Ecology, 498-505. 

Chase, R. 2007. Gastropod reproductive behavior. Scholarpedia. Volume 2 Part 9: 4125 <  title=Gastropod_reproductive_behavior&action=cite&rev=78574> Accessed 15 October 2012.  

Encyclopedia of Life 2012. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Ghiselin, M. T. 1966. The adaptive significance of gastropod torsion. Evolution, 20, 337-348.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility 2007. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Grewal, P. S., Grewal, S. K., Tan, L., & Adams, B. J. (2003). Parasitism of molluscs by nematodes: types of associations and evolutionary trends. Journal of Nematology, 35, 146-156.

Hickman  Jr., C.P, Roberts, L.S., Keen, S.L., Larson, A., Eisenhour, D.J. 2012. Animal Diversity. Sixth Edition. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.  New York, NY, USA.

Hotopp, K. and Pearce, T. 2006. Land Snail Ecology: Diet and Behavior. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Hotopp Ken. 2005. Land Snail Ecology. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Hotopp, K.P., and T.A. Pearce. 2006. Land Snails of Pennsylvania.Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. < > Accessed 15 October 2012.

Information and Facts about Snails 2012. <URL:> Accessed 15 October 2012.

Kay, E. A. 1995. Hug a slug–save a snail: A status report on molluscan diversity and a framework for action. The IUCN Species Survival, 53-55.

Klappenbach, L. Molluscs. About. <URL:> Accessed 8 November 2012.

Nekola, J.C. 2009. Conservation Prioritization of the Quebec Land Snail Faunas. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife In Canada. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Nordsieck, R. 2011. Nutrition of Snails. The Living World of Molluscs <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Nordsieck, R. 2011. Reproduction. The Living World of Molluscs. <URL:>. Accessed 15 October 2012.

Pilsbury, H.A. 1940.  Land Mollusca of North America (North of Mexico). The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA. Volume 1 Part 2.

Rook. 2012. Fraxinus pennsylvanica. <URL:> Accessed 2 November 2012.

Rowley, M. A., Loker, E. S., Pagels, J. F., & Montali, R. J. 1987. Terrestrial gastropod hosts of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis at the National Zoological Park's Conservation and Research Center, Virginia. The Journal of parasitology, 1084-1089.

Schuman, E. 2002. The Sound of a Wild Snail Eating. The Missouri Review, 25, 31-42.

The Free Dictionary. 2012. <URL:> Accessed 8 November 2012.

Van Holde, K. Miller, K. Decker, H. 2001. Hemocyanins and Invertebrate Evolution. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276, 15563-15566.

Wikipedia contributors. 2012. Hermaphrodite. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. <URL:> Accessed November 8 2012.  

Wikipedia contributors. 2012. Patera (gastropod). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. <URL:> Accessed 2 November 2012.

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