Photos by Arlo Pelegrin                                                  



Flint O. Jr. 1984. The genus Brachycentrus in North America, with a proposed phylogeny of the genera of Brachycentridae (Trichoptera). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., Maryland, USA.

Gallepp, G. 1974. Behavioral ecology of Brachycentrus occidentalis banks during the pupation period. Ecology 55 :1283-1294.

Gallelpp, G. 1977. Responses of caddisfly larvae (Brachycentrus spp.) to temperature, food availability and current velocity.  American Midland Naturalist 98: 59- 84.

Krueger, C. and Waters, T. 1983. Annual production of macroinvertebrates in three streams of different water quality. Ecology 64: 840- 850.

McCafferty, W. 1981. Aquatic entomology: the fishermen’s and ecologists’ illustrated guide to insects and their relatives. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts, USA.