Avery, A., Satina, S. and Rietsema, J. 1959. Blankeslee: The Genus Datura. The        Ronald Press Company, New York, NY, USA.

Cornell University, Department Science of Animal. "Plants Poisonous to livestock." Datura spp. N.p., 26 Mar. 2009. Web. Accessed 11 Apr. 2011. <>.

Grieve, Maud. "A Modern Herbal Thornapple." Thornapple. N.p., 2011. Accessed Web. 11 Apr. 2011. <>.

Oudhia, Pankaj. "Datura stramonium." Datura stramonium. N.p., 2002. Accessed Web. 11 Apr. 2011. <>.

Preissel, U. and Preissel H. 2002. Brugmansia and Datura, Angel’s Trumpets and Thorn Apples. Firefly Books Ltd., Willowdale, Ontario, Canada.

USDA. "PLANTS Profile for Datura stramonium (jimsonweed)." Datura stramonium L. jimsonweed. N.p., 11 Apr. 2011. Accessed  Web. 11 Apr. 2011. <>.

U.S. Department of Justice. 1998. Jimsonweed (Datura Stramonium). National Drug Intelligence Center, Johnstown, PA, USA. LTRMP 98-B0007-003.  

Vearrier, D., & Greenberg, M. I. (2010). Anticholinergic delirium following Datura stramonium ingestion: Implications for the Internet age. Journal of Emergencies, Trauma & Shock, 3(3), 344-3464. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 5 March 2011.  

Zingg, R. 2004. Huichol Mythology. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, USA.