Limulus polyphemus

Atlantic Horseshoe Crab




Botton, M. L. (2002). Horseshoe crabs. Biologist, 49(5), 193.

Ehlinger, G S. (2004). Survival and development of horseshoe crab
        (Limulus polyphemus) embryos and larvae in hypersaline   
        conditions. The Biological bulletin, 206(2), 87-94.  

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Horseshoe crabs the ancient mariners. (2011). <URL:               >.
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Hurton, L., Berkson, J., & Smith, S. (2005). Estimation of total
        hemolymph volume in the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus.
        Marine & Freshwater Behaviour & Physiology, 38(2), 139-147.  

Jackson, N. L., Nordstrom, K. F., Smith, D. R. (2005). Influence of
        waves and horseshoe crab spawning on beach morphology and
        sediment grain-size characteristics on a sandy estuarine beach.
        Sedimentology, 52(5), 1097-1108.  

Horseshoe crabs "a living fossil."(2005). Maryland Department of        
        Natural Resources. <URL:
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  Horseshoe crab. (2009). A Portrait of the Tampa Bay estuary.
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Walls, E. A., Berkson, J., Smith, S. A. (2002). The horseshoe crab,
        Limulus polyphemus: 200 million years of existence, 100 years of
        study. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 10(1).  


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