The Bhut jolokia is a classified as a primary producer and is autotrophic.  This means that this plant converts in organic matter, sunlight for example, into organic matter that is used to generate energy. This process is known as photosynthesis and all plants, such as black pepper, ginger, oranges, and saw palmetto, undergo this process to produce it source of nutrients.  Below is a simple diagram, developed by Daniel Mayer, showing what materials need to be present in order to begin photosynthesis and what is being produced.

Light Reactions

     Photosynthesis begins with the light depended reactions.  During this portion of the process, chlorophyll pigments located within the chloroplasts of a plant cells absorb a photon of light.  This causes an electron transport chain to generate.  These electrons are used for the reduction of the compound NADP to NADPH.  Water taken in by the roots donates its hydrogen, causing oxygen to be released.  The hydrogen is then used to activate ATP synthesis, thus generating ATP. Both ATP and NADPH are passed along and used in the next stage of photosynthesis, the Calvin cycle.


Calvin Cycle

     The second process in photosynthesis is known as the Calvin cycle or the light independent reactions. It is here were the enzyme RuBisCO "captures" carbon dioxide molecules from the atmosphere and uses them to develop organic sugars. Here NADPH and ATP are also needed in order to complete the process of the Calvin cycle. As a result of this process, organic sugars are made and stored as fruit (the chilies of the Bhut jolokia). Below is the overall equation of photosynthesis.


For a more in depth look into photosynthesis click here for North Dakota State University's animation of  the light reactions, and here Brightstorm Inc.'s  description of the Calvin cycle.