Allium sativum


   
     

    
Garlic

Habitat

 


Garlic is thought to have originally come from parts of Central Asia. Ancient documentation suggests that it has been a crop in China, India, and Egypt since 1600 BC. Although currently China is easily the largest producer of garlic in the world, which is illustrated in the graph at the bottom of the page[11].Despite wide genetic variation this history is supported by phylogenetic analysis based on molecular and biochemical markers. Currently garlic is grown all over the world. Although most popular in Latin America, China, and the Mediterranean, it can be found anywhere from the equator to latitudes of 50 in both hemispheres.

As far as the growth ecology of garlic, it is possible to grow in the tropical highlands and is restricted in the lowlands to the cool season. In addition, garlic prefers a light loamy soil and strongly dislikes soil acidity. It requires a soil pH of 6–7 or somewhat higher and is sensitive to aluminum toxicity.[6]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top 10 garlic producers in 2010 [11]

Country

Production (tonnes)

Footnote

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/22px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png China

13,664,069

Im

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/22px-Flag_of_India.svg.png India

833,970

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_South_Korea.svg/22px-Flag_of_South_Korea.svg.png South Korea

271,560

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Egypt.svg/22px-Flag_of_Egypt.svg.png Egypt

244,626

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svg/22px-Flag_of_Russia.svg.png Russia

213,480

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8c/Flag_of_Myanmar.svg/22px-Flag_of_Myanmar.svg.png Myanmar

185,900

Im

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg/22px-Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png Ethiopia

180,300

Im

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png United States

169,510

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg/22px-Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg.png Bangladesh

164,392

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svg/22px-Flag_of_Ukraine.svg.png Ukraine

157,400

World

17,674,893

A

* = Unofficial figure | [ ] = Official data | A = May include official, semi-official or estimated data
F = FAO estimate | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available

Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)