Allium sativum





Garlic is thought to have originally come from parts of Central Asia. Ancient documentation suggests that it has been a crop in China, India, and Egypt since 1600 BC. Although currently China is easily the largest producer of garlic in the world, which is illustrated in the graph at the bottom of the page[11].Despite wide genetic variation this history is supported by phylogenetic analysis based on molecular and biochemical markers. Currently garlic is grown all over the world. Although most popular in Latin America, China, and the Mediterranean, it can be found anywhere from the equator to latitudes of 50 in both hemispheres.

As far as the growth ecology of garlic, it is possible to grow in the tropical highlands and is restricted in the lowlands to the cool season. In addition, garlic prefers a light loamy soil and strongly dislikes soil acidity. It requires a soil pH of 6–7 or somewhat higher and is sensitive to aluminum toxicity.[6]








Top 10 garlic producers in 2010 [11]


Production (tonnes)

Footnote China


Im India

833,970 South Korea

271,560 Egypt

244,626 Russia

213,480 Myanmar


Im Ethiopia


Im United States

169,510 Bangladesh

164,392 Ukraine





* = Unofficial figure | [ ] = Official data | A = May include official, semi-official or estimated data
F = FAO estimate | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available

Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)