If you enjoyed the content on the other pages or are looking to further you're knowledge of foxes and cadids alike, check out our sources. Making sure our information is completely accurate and supported by scientific research has been an emphasis of our process. It is important to note that none of this information would be availiable without the hard work of many of those scientists who conducted studies and fieldwork, our job has been made easy because of them. For that we thank them! Follow the links on these references for many more great websites and studies about the amazing Vulpes vulpes! Following are those sources:

Adriondack Ecological Center 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 3 December 2013

Animal Diversity Web 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

Candid Species Account: Vulpes vulpes 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

Doncaster, C.P. and Macdonald, D.W. 1991. Drifting territoriality in the red fox Vulpes vulpes. Journal of Animal Ecology 60:423–439.

Encyclopedia of Life 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

The Fox Website 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

Haltenorth, T. and H.H. Roth. 1968. Short review of the biology and ecology of the red fox. Saugetierkunde Mitteilungen 16:339–352.

Heydon, M.J. and J.C. Reynolds. 2000. Demography of rural foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in relation to cull intensity in three contrasting regions of Britain. Journal of Zoology 251:265–276.

Hinterland Who's Who: Red Fox 2013 <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

Iossa, G., C.D. Soulsbury, D.J. Baker, K.J. Edwards, S. Harris. 2009. Behavioral changes associated with a population density decline in the facultatively social red fox. Behavioral Ecology 20:385-395.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. <URL:>. Accessed November 13, 2013.

Klir, J.J. and J.E. Heath. 1992. An infrared thermographic study of surface temperature in  relation to external thermal stress in three species of foxes: the red fox
(Vulpes vulpes), Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus), and the kit fox (Vulpes macrotis). Physiological Zoology 65:1011– 1021.

Liska’s EncycVulpedia 2013. <URL:>. Accessed 1 November 2013.

Macdonald, D.W., L. Brown, S. Yerli and A. Canbolat. 1994. Behavior of red foxes, Vulpes vulpes, caching eggs of loggerhead turtles, Caretta caretta. Journal of Mammalogy 75:985-988.

Macdonald, D.W., F.H. Tattersall, P.J. Johnson, C. Carbone, J.C. Reynolds, J. Langbein, S.P. Rushton and M.D.F. Shirley. 2000. Managing British mammals: case studies from the hunting debate. Wildlife Conservation Research Unit. University of Oxford, UK .

Sillero-Zubiri, C., M. Hoffmann and D.W Macdonald. 2004. Canids: foxes, wolves, jackals and dogs. 2004 Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.


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