Dik-diks are herbivores who find food by browsing. Dik-diks are only about a  foot tall, so all of their food must be fairly close to the ground. Dik-diks have a commensalism relationship with many large animals whose activities help them by keeping food low to the ground. Dik-diks are benefitted by elephants (Loxodonta africana) and giraffes (Giraffa camelopardolls) when they break and drop branches and trees because dik-diks are then able to reach the dropped plants. Some other larger antelopes also benefit dik-diks when they browse their food because it keeps the plants within the reach of dik-diks, Dik-diks have been known to scrounge for food with domestic goats (Capra hircus ), this gives dik-diks protection against predators (Kingswood & Kumamoto, 1997).Damara Dik-dik, Namibia, 2007. By Gődény Csaba, from Pelican's Photography
Although dik-diks have a “least concern” status of endangerment by the African Wildlife Foundation, they still have many predators (Dik-Dik, 2013). Some of the predators include: cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta), silver backed jackals (Canis mesomelas), lions (Panthera leo), leopards (Panthera pardus), eagles, and the list continues.  A very small species in Africa being hunted by lions and cheetahs creates for a problem if they have no chanceof escaping.  Though all of these animals prey on the  dik-dik, humans are their biggest threat. Their hide is often used to make suede for gloves, and small bones are taken from their feet and legs in order to make rings and other jewelry. There are many different sites in which you can find information for going on hunting safaris for the dik-dik. Dik-diks are also able to be purchased as  pets and raised in a home; if bottle fed, they can become fairly tame, but they are still a wild animal by nature (Kingswood & Kumamoto, 1997).
Generally they are shy animals; they prefer to stay hidden in the brush. They are nocturnal, so they tend to stay covered during the day and are very active at night.  However, if they sense danger or are startled, they will run in a pattern of zig-zag leaps making it harder for the predator to chase after them (Sheibe, 1999). This is very effective against cheetahs.  They can also make a warning call to others if there is danger. Kirk's dik-dik. Wikipedia Commons (J.P. Hamon) The females will produce a “zik-zik” or “dik-dik” noise, and both the males and females can produce a whistling noise that will also alert others if a predator is near.  Another adaptation that increases their chances of survival against other animals is the fact that they have great eyesight.  Just from looking at a dik-dik, one would notice that the eyes are very large compared to the entire head.  The last adaptation that they have to avoid attack is that they are very fast runners.  Dik-diks have the ability to reach up speeds up to 42 kilometers or 26 miles per hour (Kingswood & Kumamoto, 1997).
Dik-diks don’t have many competitors, but one possible competitor is the klipspringers (Oreotragus ) who would compete for food with the dik-dik during the dry season.  Dik-diks are hosts to multiple organisms,  a couple of endoparasites include: the nematodeodImpalaia  tubelculataa, ti, Amblyomma variegatumt, louse, Damalinia Victoriar, cestode, and the Taenia madoquaeua (Kingswood & Kumamoto, 1997). They also host some ectoparasites including: fleas (Ctenocephalides felis), ticks, and lice.

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