Classification Information
Habitat and Geography
Works Cited


The calla lily has many different forms of interactions with many different species.  One common interaction that has been the source of many recent studies it the current problem of soft rot caused by Erwinia carotovora.  This pathogen is causing the rotting of parenchymatous tissue in the plant organs of many plant species including Zantedeschia aethiopica.  The pathogen rots all of the plant tissues and organs and eventually kills the plant as a result.  It is a major disease for the calla lily as it is highly susceptible to the disease.

Not all interactions with the calla lily are negative.  In order to survive the calla lily has to interact with other organisms to reproduce.  The most important interaction for the calla lily is with the beetle.  It is usually the carrier of the calla lily's pollen and it relies on the organisms to transport the pollen to the spathe of another plant.  The interaction is actually a two part interaction.  It is an example of commensalism when the beetle acquires the pollen as it benefits the plant but not the beetle, and later on there is a mutualistic relationship when the beetle seeks shelter or a place to collect food and the plant is able to become fertilized.

The calla lily is not especially susceptible to being eaten.  It is poisonous to most animals and is not really relied upon for a food source.  While it can be eaten after boiled, the average animal does not have that option.  The plant has caused some problems for pet owners who have dogs that like to nibble on their plants because it is toxic for animals to ingest.  However certain parts like the fruits or the rhizomes are edible to animals, the rhizomes however are buried and are not usually at risk.

Public Domain, Interaction

One last interaction that is very important to the success of the calla lily is the interaction it has with birds.  The bird consumes the ripened fruit and uses it for a food source and the plant is able to gain a form of seed dispersal.  It ends up benefiting both organisms and is a mutualistic relationship.





This page is maintained by Ashley Schultz