References and About the Author



Hi I'm Samantha Bingen and I put this website together for an Organismal Biology project.  I’m currently a sophomore at the University of Wisconsin La Crosse.  I’m majoring in Biomedical Biology with a minor in Chemistry and am also Pre-Physical Therapy.  If you have any questions or comments please contact me at


Also make sure you check out



Bottone, E.  2004.  An Atlas of the Clinical Microbiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1: Bacterial Agents.  Parthenon Publishing, Washington D.C.  130-131.


Boyd, R. 1995.  Basic Medical Microbiology: 5th Edition.  Little, Brown and Company, New York, New York.  264-267.


Howard, B., Keiser, J., Smith, T., Weissfeld, A., Tilton, R.  1994.  Clinical and Pathogenic Microbiology: 2nd Edition.  Mosby, St. Louis, Missouri. 275-286.


Koneman, E., Allen, S., Janda, W., Schreckenberger, P., Winn Jr., W.  1997.  Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology: 5th Edition.  Lippincott, New York, New York.  499-502.


 Murray, Baron, Pfaller, Tenover, Yolken.  1999. Manual of Clinical Microbiology: 7th edition.  ASM Press, Washington D.C.


Todar, Kenneth. "The Pathogenic Neisseria." Todars Online Textbook of Bacteriology. 2004. 
University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Biology. 22 Apr. 2008 
"Meningitis N. Meningitidis ." Iniative for Vaccination Research. World Health Organization. 18 Apr. 2008 
Meningococcal Disease. 2008. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 Apr. 2008  
"Acute Bacterial Meningitis ." Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders. Feb. 2003. 
The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library . 20 Apr. 2008 <>.