Habitat and Host species, by Subspecies

Subspecies of Viscum album are found throughout Europe, as well as southern and western Asia.  These are  parasites that grow on trees such as Birches, Firs, Poplars, Maples, Oaks, Pines, Spruces, Hornbeam, and Walnut. 

Viscum album in a Silver Birch (Betula pendula)The specific species that Viscum album is found on varies depending on the subspecies of Viscum album.  These are divided by region.

  • Viscum album album is found throughout Europe, and southeast Asia east to Nepal.  It is mostly found on the genuses Malus, Poplus, Tilia and occasionally other species such as Quercus (oaks).
  • Viscum album abietis is commonly found in central Europe.  It is typically only found on Abies (firs).
  • Viscum album austiracum is also found in central Europe.  It has a wider range of hosts including: Larix (larches), Pinus (pines), and Picea (spruces).
  • Viscum album meridianum is located in southeastern Asia and hosts on Acer (Maple), Carpinus (Hornbeam), Juglans (Walnut), Prunus, and Sorbus.
  • Viscum album creticum was recently identified on the island of Crete in the eastern Mediterranean, so far it has only been found on Pinus brutia (Turkish pine).

Viscum album growing on a silver birch (Betula pendula), a member of the genus Betula (birch).