Who doesn't love warm, sunny places?

 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) have a preference for warm and wet conditions.  It is more beneficial for the bacterium if the environment is more moist because it allows invasion of the host to be a much easier process.  Xcc has an ideal temperature for development which ranges between 20-24 degrees Celsius.  Again the higher the humidity and moister the air is the better, so Xcc has a preference of 80-100% air humidity.  Under ideal conditions the incubation time ranges from 10-13 days.  This is a fairly rapid growing and transmitting plant pathogen due to the fact that it’s difficult to control its transmission rate because of its short incubation period, tied with undetectable contamination period.

Xanthomonas campestris is a widely distributed bacterial phytopathogen.  It is commonly found in the Americans as well as African countries.  It has been a consist battle through the Americans and Africa but It is becoming a bigger issue within Russia areas currently.  It is also commonly found in Australia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, England, and other related European countries.


In order for Xanthonomas campestris to have a successful life as a plant pathogen it needs to have a efficient way of getting the "birds and the bees" duty done to aid in the survivorship of this thriving bacterium.