Dicentra formosa (Pacific Bleeding Heart) is known to have mutualistic relationships with multiple insects. The most known with ants as mentioned in Habitat of the Pacific Bleeding Heart. The ants help the Pacific Bleeding Heart by carrying the seeds  of the Pacific Bleeding Heart over the hills and burrows in order for more planSeeds of Dicentra. Permission to use by Gabriel @ to grow. The Pacific Bleeding Heart helps the ants by providing food for the ants. The ants eat the oily, white part of the seed. After the ants eat the little white appendages, the ants leave the rest of the seed on the ground. There, the seed will then germinate (for more information click here). 


On the food web, the Pacific Bleeding Heart is toward the bottom of the chain. It is a primary producer; henceforth, it is eaten by grazers (herbivores) or any organism that eats plants (omnivores). However, the Pacific Bleeding Heart is toxic to organisms. Several alkaloids have been found in the tubers of the Pacific Bleeding Heart. Tubers are growths on the roots of plants that build up due to starch or other substances (potatoes are tubers). The most cases of Dicentra formosa poisoning occur in the spring time when heavy rain occurs. The heavy rain brings out the tubers of the plant and is most likely ingested by other organisms. Symptoms include increasing trembling, frothing at the mouth, vomiting, and difficultly breathing, but not death (unless too much is consumed). There is no treatment for Dicentra formosa poisoning; the only treatment is to not ingest the tubers of the plant.

 Tubers of on a root. Permission to use @    Food web. Permission to use @    The photo above shows tubers of a plant root. These
tubers are sweet potatoes. Although the tubers in the
Pacific Bleeding Heart are not this big, you can still see
what a tuber is.


Although, for humans, the roots of the Pacific Bleeding Heart can actually be beneficial in medicine. The roots can be a type of pain reliever, especially for sprains and bruises. Also, the roots can calm frazzled nerves in a human, particularly after a traumatic experience.Dicentra formosa root. Permission to use by Joby Dorr @

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