Habitat and Geography


Tipula are generally found in wet and humid areas, usually near lakes, streams, or marshes (Swan and Papp 1972). The larvae are also found in wet, damp places in order to feed. Several species of crane flies require the right habitat conditions, which shows that their presence or absence is often looked at as an environmental quality check. If absent there could be something wrong or missing in the ecosystem. Some other organisms that fit into its habitat are various types of birds, insects, spiders, fish, frogs, and lizards- which are seen as predators to Tipula submaculata (Interactions) (Red Planet Inc. 2012). Typically the Order Diptera is found in regions of mild winters, cool summers, and areas that receive rainfall that averages about 600mm (Arthur and Garrison 2004).  


Their are roughly 1500 species of crane flies in North America, and about 15,000 worldwide (Red Planet Inc 2012). The range of Tipula submaculata extends from Wisconsin and parts of Southeastern Canada and south to parts of Arkansas and South Carolina (American Insects 2009). The Order Diptera is native to northern Europe.  It was later introduced into western Canada and the United States (Arthur and Garrison 2004).  

            GREEN= Distribution of Tipula submaculata in North America

                                    To Return Home                                    Continue to Nutrition