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Discover Life 2012. < URL:>. Accessed 5 April 2012.

Dourson, D.C. 2010. Kentucky Land Snails and their Ecological Communities. Goatslug Publications, Bakersville, NC, USA.

Dourson, D. and Dourson, J. 2006. Land Snails of the Great Smoky Mountains. Appalachian Highlands Science Learning Center

Grimm, F.W., Forsyth, R.G., Schueler, F.W. and Karstad, A. 2009. Identifying Land Snails and Slugs in Canada. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Hickman, C.P., L.S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, A. Larson, and D.J. Eisenhour. 2009. Animal diversity. 5th edition. McGraw Hill, New York, New York, USA.

A Guide to Rare Animals in Tennessee 2009. < URL: >. Accessed 3 April 2012.

NatureServe Explorer 2010. <URL: >. Accessed 3 April 2012.

Nordsieck, Robert. The Living World of Molluscs. 2011. <URL: >. Accessed 4 April 2012. <URL: >. Accessed 4 April 2012.

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