Books and Journals

Avise, J.C. and Smith, M.H. 1977. Gene Frequency Comparisons Between Sunfish (Centrarchidae) Populations at Various Stages of Evolutionary Divergence. Systematic Zoology 26: 319-335.

Birdsong, Ray S, Yerger, Ralph. 1967. A Natural Population of Hybrid Sunfishes: Lepomis macrochirus × Chaenobryttus gulosus. Copeia . American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH): 62-71 .

Flemer, David, Woolcott, William. 1966. Food Habits and Distribution of the Fishes of Tuckahoe Creek, Virginia, with Special Emphasis on the Bluegill, Lepomis m. macrochirus Rafinesque. Chesapeake Science . Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. 7: 75-89 .

Gerald, J.W. 1971. Sound Production During Courtship in Six Species of Sunfish (Centrarchidae). Evolution 25:75-87.

Hickman, C.P. Jr. et al. 2011. Animal Diversity. 6th Ed. McGraw Hill Publishers, New York, New York, USA.

Higham, T.E. 2007. The Integration of Locomotion and Prey Capture in Vertebrates: Morphology, Behavior, and Performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:82-95

Miller, H.C. 1963. The Behavior of the Pumpkinseed Sunfish, Lepomis gibbosus (Linneaus), with Notes on the Behavior of Other Species of Lepomis and the Pigmy Sunfish, Elassoma evergladei. Behaviour 22:88-151

Sadizikowski, Mark R, Wallace Dale C. 1976.  American Midland Naturalist. University of Notre Dame 95, : 220-225.

Winkleman, Dana. 1996. Reproduction under Predatory Threat: Trade-Offs between Nest Guarding and Predator Avoidance in Male Dollar Sunfish (Lepomis marginatus). Copeia .American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH) 4: 845-851 .

Online Sources

Animal Diversity Web 2013. <> Accessed 1 March 2013.

Encyclopedia of Life. <> Accessed 1 March 2013.

Fish Base. <> Accessed 27 March 2013.

Fish Channel. <> Accessed 1 March 2013.

Nature Reserve. <> Accessed 27 March 2013.

Ohio DNR.
< 1 March 2013.

Texas Parks and Wildlife <> Accessed 27 March 2013.

Wisconsin Fish.
< 27 March 2013.