Ginseng Webpage References

1. Bergner, P. 1996. The healing power of ginseng and the tonic herbs: the enlightened person’s guide. Prima Publishing, Rocklin, CA, USA.

2. Botany 2010. URL: <>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

3. Fulder, Stephen 1996. The ginseng book: nature’s ancient healer. Avery Publishing Group, Garden City Park, New York, USA.

4. Harding, A. R. 1972.  Ginseng and other medicinal plants. Arthur Richard Harding, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

5. Kwon,H.K., C.H. Ahn, and Y.E. Choi. 2009. Molecular authentication of Panax notoginseng by specific AFLP-derived SCAR marker. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 3 <URL:>. Accessed 12 April 2011.

6. Lee, C. and J. Wen. 2003. Phylogeny of Panax using chloroplast trnC–trnD intergenic region and the utility of trnC–trnD in interspecific studies of plants. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 <URL:>. Accessed 12 April 2011.

7. Leibert, M. A. 2001. Antiviral briefs. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 15:10 <URL:>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

8. Leung, Albert Y. 1984. Chinese herbal remedies. Universe Books, New York, New York, USA.

9. Lycos Retriever 2011. URL: <>. Accessed 27 Feb 2011.

10. Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database 2006. URL: <>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

11. Ohio State University 2011. <URL:>. Accessed 12 April 2011.

12. Ohio State University 2011. <URL:>. Accessed 12 April 2011.

13. Siegel, M. and N. Burke 1999. Herbs for health and happiness: all you need to know. Time Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.

14. Sievers, A.F. 1930. American medicinal plants of commercial importance. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

15. Tree of Life Web Project 2004. URL: <>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

16. Tyler, Varro E. 1993. The honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies. Pharmaceutical Products Press, Binghamton, New York, USA.

17. University of California Museum of Paleontology 2000. URL: <>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

18. Vendan, R. T., Y. J. Yu, S. H. Lee, and Y. H. Rhee. 2010. Diversity of endophytic bacteria in ginseng and their potenetial for plant growth promotion. The Journal of Microbiology 48:5 <URL:>. Accessed 15 March 2011.

19. Veninga, Louise 1973. The ginseng book. Ruka Publications, Santa Cruz, California, USA.

20. Wixted, K.L. and J. B. McGraw 2010. Competitive and allelopathic effects of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) on American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius). Plant Ecology 208 <URL:>. Access 15 March 2011.

Pictures on the top border used with permission from, Victor Yue (via courtesy commons liscense), and from Eric Burkhart with association to Hardings Ginseng Farm.