Image Credit to The Centre for the conservation of specialized species


Anatomy of the digestion tract. URL: <>. Accessed 8 November 2012. 

Bats and migration. URL: <>. Accessed 15 November 2012.

Belwood, J.J., P.A. Morton. 1991. Vampires: the real story. Bats Magazine 9:1-9.

Breidenstein, C.P. 1982. Digestion and assimilation of bovine blood by a vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus). Journal of Mammology 63: 482-484.

Currie, Shannon. 2012. Bats helping humans: medical advances. Organization for Bat Conservation. URL: <>. Accessed 15 November 2012.

Darling, S.T. 1911. Murrina, a trypanosomal disease of equines in panama. The Journal of Infectious Disease 8:467-485.

Delpietro, V.H.A., R.G. Russo. 2002. Observations of the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) and the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata) in captivity. Mammaalian Biology 67:65-78.

Gracheva, E.O., J.F. Cordero-Morales, J.A. Gonzalez- Caracia, N.T. Ingolia, C. Manno, C.I. Aranguren, J.S. Weissman, D. Julius. 2011. Ganglion- specific splicing of trpv1 underlies infrared sensation in vampire bats. Nature 476: 88-91.

How bats fly. URL: <>. Accessed 11 November 2012. 
Lee, D.N., M. Papes, and R.A. Van Den Bussche. 2012. Present and potential future distribution of common vampire bats in the americas and the associated risk to cattle. Plos One 7(8): e42466.

Merriam-Webster online dictionary. URL: <>. Accessed  10 November 2012.

Merriam-Webster online Latin dictionary. URL: <>. Accessed 27 November 2012.

Phyllostomidae. URL: <>. Accessed 9 November 2012.
Riskin, D.K., J.W. Hermanson. 2005. Biomechanics: independent evolution of running in vampire bats. Nature 434:292.

The common vampire bat. URL: <>. Accessed 11 November 2012.

Trajano, E. 1996. Movements of cave bats in southeastern Brazil, with emphasis on the population ecology of the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus (chiroptera). Biotropica 28:121-29

Trypanosomiasis. URL: <>. Accessed 11 November 2012.

Vampires: the legend continues. URL: <>. Accessed 10 November 2012.

Vampire bat. URL: <>. Accessed 10 November 2012.

Vampire bats- nature's little bloodsuckers. URL: <>. Accessed 9 November 2012.

Wohlgenant, G.S. 1994. Roost interactions between the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) and two frugivorous bats in Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Biotropica 26:344-348. 

    For more great information on the common vampire bat and other great contacts check out these non-profit organizations: &
     More great sources of information and quick facts on Desmodus rotundus can be found at many zoos nation wide! Here are links to just a few:

For photos of Desmodus rotundus check out the gallery.