Blair, A.C. and L.M. Wolfe. 2004. The evolution of an invasive plant: an experimental study with Silene
. Ecology 85: 3035–3042

Brandeis 2004. <URL:
Accessed 20 November 2013. Fall wildflowers of New            
Accessed 20 November 2013.

Bucheli, E., B. Gautschi and J.A. Shykoff. 2001. Differences in population structure of the anther smut
        fungus Microbotryum violaceum on two closesly related host species,
Silene latifolia and
       Silene diocia.
Molecular Ecology 10:285-295.

Campbell N. A., J.B Reece, L.A Urry, M.L Cain, S.A Wasserman, P.V Minorsky and R.B Jackson. 2008.
        Biology. Pearson Education Inc. Publishing, San Francisco, CA, USA.     

Dötterl, S., A. Jürgens, K. Seifert, T. Laube, B. Weißbecker and S. Schütz. 2005. Nursery pollination by a
        moth in Silene latifolia: the role of odours in eliciting antennal and behavioural responses. New
        Pytologist 169: 707-718.

Filatov, D.A. Evolutionary history of Silene latifolia sex chromosome revealed by genetic mapping of four
        genes. Genetics 170: 975-979.

Gibson, A.K., E. Petit, J. Mena-Ali, B. Oxelman and M.E. Hood. 2013. Life history strategy defends against
        disease and may select against physiological resistance. Ecology and Evolution 3: 1741-1750.

Go Botany 2013. <URL:> Accessed 1
        Decmember 2013. New England distribution <URL:>
        Accessed 1 December 2013.

Kugler J. and R. Parker. 2006. White campion or white cockle. Weed Management.
        <URL:>. Accessed 18 November

Labouche A.M and G. Bernasconi. 2010. Male moths provide pollination benefits in the Silene latifolia
        Hadena bicrurisnursery pollination system. Functional Ecology 24: 534–544.

Minder, A.M, C. Rothenbuehler and A. Widmer. 2007. Genetic structure of hybrid zones between Silene
and Silene dioica (Caryophyllaceae): Evidence for introgressive hybridization.
        Molecular Ecology 16: 2504 –2516.

OARDC n.d. <URL:> Accessed 21
        November 2013. Ohio Perennial and biennial weed guide. <URL: http://www.oardc.ohio-> Accessed 21 November 2013.

Organic Weed Management 2013. <URL:> Accessed 1
        December 2013. Garden Organic. <URL:> Accessed 1

        December 2013.

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        November 2013. PFAF plant database. <URL:> Accessed 30
        November 2013.

Ripperton, G.J., P.A. Peroni, and S.A. Budischak. 2006. Effects of burial on seed germination and seedling
        performance in white campion. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 
122: 29–38.

Soltis,P., D.Soltis and M. Arakaki. 2006. Core Caryophyllales. Caryophyllales sensu stricto. The Tree of
        Life Web Project 2006.>. Accessed 26 November

Young, H.J. 2002. Diurnal and nocturnal pollination of Silene alba. Botany American Journal of
        Botany 89(3): 433–440.

Zluvora, J., J. Zak, B. Janousck and B. Vyskot. 2010. Dioecious Silene latifolia plants show sexual
        dimorphism investigative stage. BMC Plant Biology 10:208.

For more information check out the United States Department of Agriculture to learn more about Silene latifolia and other plants.

Check out Tree of Life web project for more information about Silene latifolia and organisms other than plants as well!

To learn more about a smut type fungus, similar to the anther smut "STD" fungus that commonly affects Silene latifolia,  check out Tom Volk's page "Smut's on the Internet."

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