used with permission by A Taste of Travel


Geographically, quokkas live mostly in three parts of the Australian Mainland and close offshore islands. Quokkas live near the city of Perth in the southwest part of Australia; they also live on the Rottnest Island and the Bald Island both off the coast of Australia. While they were extinct on the Northern mainland of Australia, there have been some small groups spotted in the southwest part of Australia, expanding from the city of Perth.  Quokkas are most densely populated on the Bald Island; they thrive here because they have no predators on the island. They are less populated on the Rottenest Island, and even less in the city of Perth, do to predators and being hunted by humans.

The quokka lives in a small shallow hole or some type of shady place like under a Western Australian Christmas Tree where it nests during the day to escape the heat, and leaves the nest at night to eat.They are nocturnal so they prefer to get their fill of food at night. The quokka likes to live near dense vegetation by shrub land especially near swamps. They will return to the same spot where it lives every day, and they seldom changing locations (Nocon et al., 2003).
Quokkas are considered to be a habitat specialist; this means they have a limited diet and thrive in a certain range of environmental conditions. Families of quokka have adapted to live in semi-arid areas, they prefer warmer temperatures and they have adapted to the seasonal change of Australia from the very hot summer to the mild winters. Summers in Australia have been known to get up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, while the winters can get to below zero at night.

On the Rottenest and Bald islands, quokkas live in thick forest areas with open woodland and areas with shrubs. They prefer to be very close to fresh water, but have also been found near swamps and very far away from any source of water.
In the city of Perth, there is little to no fresh water, but the quokka can survive by obtaining a small amount of water from the plants it eats. Quokkas need a very small amount of water to survive; they can also dig a hole to obtain water (Nocon et al., 2003), again, showing that it is a specialist.

For more information on the quokka's habitat go to this website.

Want to learn how quokkas adapt? Go to the Adaptations page!