Psilocybe cubensis


   P. cubensis obtains it's food from the cow dung and because of it being sessile it grows where the cattle and cattle egret migrate. Most of these cattle and cattle egret migrated either further south of Mexico or moved north to Texas and Florida. This mushroom can sustain different climates, but still requires a warm temperature.  

   This fungus does not serve as a host, but the cow dung serves as a host for P. cubensis. This mushroom digests by secreting enzymes into the environment and then ingesting the nutrients that it broke down. This mushroom stores it's nutrients as glycogen just like animals. This mushroom eats many different kinds of carbohydrates that are available in the cow dung or in the rich soil in which it grows. P. cubensis ingests the nutrients via diffusion past the chitinous cell walls. This fungus stores it's nutrients as lipids in the cytoplasm of the hyphae, but sometimes stores the nutrients in the spores because the spores will need them when they are released.

   The circulatory system for this fungus is like most which means it transports nutrients through the hyphae and mycelia. Each hypha acts as a single cell with free flowing nuclei and cytoplasm. The only difference between hyphae and animal cells is that each hyphae have septa (small opening) in them so the cytoplasm and nuclei can move from cell to cell without needed pressure.    

Photo by GGreatOne234 copyright 2002