Retrieved from Microsoft ClipArtPhotosRetrieved from Microsoft ClipArt

Link directly to the page where you will find these photos!
(Proper citations as well)


§          Bell, C, and Alec Kyriakides. 1998. E. coli: A Practical Approach to the Organism and its Control in Foods. 1st ed. Blackie Academic & Professional, New York, New York USA

§   Chang, Dong-Eng, Darren J. Smalley, Don L. Tucker, Mary P. Leatham, Wendy E. Norris, and Sarah J. Stevenson. 2004 "Carbon nutrition of Escherichia coli in the mouse intestine." Pages 7427-7432 in PNAS Vol. 101, No. 19.  Retrieved 16 Feb 2008 <>

§   Dixit, Sameer, David M. Gordon, Xi-Yang Wu, Toni Chapman, Kaila Kailasapathy, and James J.-C. Chin. 2004. "Diversity analysis of commensal porcine Escherichia coli – associations between genotypes and habitat in the porcine gastrointestinal tract." Pages 1735-1740 in Microbiology No. 15 1735-1740. Retrieved 16 Feb 2008 <>

§   Glass, Robert E. 1982. Gene Function: E. coli and its Heritable Elements. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, USA

§   Holt, John, Noel Krieg, Peter Sneath, James Staley, and Stanley Williams. 2000. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. 9th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

§   Neidhardt, Frederick. 1987. Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium: Cellular and Molecular Biology. American Society for Microbiology, Washington D.C., Maryland, USA

§   Neidhardt, Frederick. 1990. Physiology of the Bacterial Cell: A Molecular Approach. Sinauer Associates, Sudnerland, Massachusetts, USA

§   Schaechter, Moselio. 2000. Escherichia coli, General Biology. Pages 260-261 in J. Lederberg, M. Alexander, and B. Bloom, editors. Encyclopedia of Microbiology. Vol. 2. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA

§   Todar, Kenneth. 2008. "Pathogenic E. coli." Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology. Retrieved 16 Feb 2008 <>

§   PLoS Genetics. 2008. "Dissecting the Genetic Components Of Adaptation Of E. coli To The Mouse Gut." ScienceDaily. Retrieved 16 Feb 2008. <>

§         Anonymous. 2003. Escherichia coli CFT073 genome page. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from JCVI CMR<>

§         Anonymous. 2007. Escherichia coli. Retrieved February 16, 2008, from Microbiologybytes <>


~Dennis Kunkel of Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc. for allowing use of his images

~Dr. Gary Kaiser, Professor at The Community College of Baltimore Country, for allowing the use of his image

~Dr. Greg Sandland and Dr. Thomas Volk for all their help

~Oladele Oguseitan, author of Microbial Diversity, for allowing use of his phylogenetic tree

~The wonderful people who have given the right to the public for the use of their photos

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ŠApril 2008