Vampyrum spectrum



     Vampyrum Spectrum is very well adapted to its environment and has created a dominance in this niche of Central and South America. The Spectal Bat has no natural predators and is very well suited for its hunting grounds. This species uses echolocation as a means of flying swiftly and silently through the dense forests they live in. Scientists believe that these bats fly with their mouths closed and emit extremely high frequency sounds through their "noseleafs." This allows the bats to fly and hunt in even the darkest of forests without a problem. These mammals also have a highly developed sense of hearing and fairly good eyesight.

Courtesy of the Oakland Museum of California


     Echolocation works in a very similar manner to sonar. Extremely high frequency noises are emitted from the nasal cavity of this bat. The bat is able to create a image of its surroundings based on the time in-between emission and receiving of the sound. By interpreting the loudness and time of the sound wave, the Spectral bat can see not only where it's going but can also see how big another animal is, what kind of animal it is, and other features as well.