Prunus dulcis can be found in temperate and desert climates.  This plant flourishes in mild winters, and long hot summers with low humidity.  The Prunus dulcis plant has a hard time growing in the shadeAlmond trees.  http://www.flickr.com/photos/tochis/470188550/sizes/o/ and grows better in direct, hot sunlight.    Prunus dulcis will not survive in a rainy, moist climate or a climate that is cold enough for frost.  To maintain its fruiting bodies the plant needs dry and warm.  The almond tree prefers deep, loamy (sand, silt, and clay), well-drained (moist not soggy) soils, but if need be it can tolerate to grow in poor soils. 

Other organisms that grow in these habitats with Prunus dulcis include many mammals,  birds, and insects.  The ecological niche of almonds also include various deciduous and evergreen trees, and shrubs.  Prunus dulcis fits into its ecological niche by being able to grow in low-moisture areas, and in direct sunlight. 

Prunus dulcis is spread throughout the northern temperate regions of the world.  The organism originated from western Asia and continued to spread along the shores of the Mediterranean in Africa and Southern Europe.  The almond was then brought to California by the Spanish PadresWestern Asia.  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Western_Asia.png California.  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blueca.pngand is now one of the highest planted tree crop in the state.  California is the most common place to find Prunus dulcis  in North America, but it can also sometimes be found in Vermont.


Learn more about the history of the almond..