Thymus vulgaris


The plant kingdom is very diverse. Plants can be vascular or non-vascular. Non vascular plants in mosses (byrophta), hornworts (anthocerphyta) and liverworts (hepaticophta). These plants tend to be low to the ground and live in wetter areas. The vascular plants have phoelom and xylem. Phoelom and xylem allow vascular plants to live away from water. The vascular plants can be have seeds. The ferns (pteriphyta) reproduce by spores and don't use seeds for reproduction. Plants that reproduce by seed can have naked seeds (gymnosperms) or covered seeds (angiosperms). The gymnosperms include conifers (coniferophyta), cycads (cycadophyta), ginko trees (ginkophyta), or gnetophyta. Conifers include evergreens and are more hardy than deciduous trees. Cycads live in tropical areas and tend to be toxic. Ginko trees are are a very resilient and have no natural predators. Gnetophyta are strange plants. This is where all the plants that are not quite understood are put. Everyone is familiar with angiosperms. They tend to be the dominant plant in most areas. They form the pretty flowers you see or fruits like apples or watermelon. Angiosperms can be monocots (liliopsida) or eudicots. A well known monocot is sweet corn.  
Phylogenic Tree of Plants made by myself
Thymus vulgaris can be classified under:
    - Domain: Eukarya
    - Kingdom: Plantae
    - Class: Magnoliopsida
    - Order: Lamiales
    - Family: Lamiaceae
    - Genus: Thymus L.
    - Species: Thymus vulgaris L.  

Domain Eukarya
Organisms in Eukarya are multicellular. The protists, animals and fungi are some other groups in this domain. Membrane-bound organelles and a true nucleus are features of all members. An adorable organism in this domain is the squirrel.

Kingdom Plantae
Members of Plantae generally get their energy via photosynthesis. They are autotrophic and have cell walls. Plants can be diecious, male or female, or hermaphroditic, containing both male and female parts.

Members of Magnoliopsida are flowering plants. The seeds are dicotyledons; there are two cotyledons.  Common features are a primary root with secondary roots, net-veined leaves, and a herbaceous or woody growth.

The order of Lamiales contains shrubs and herbs. Many members are tropical. Leaves are generally opposite each other. The flowers of this order are irregular or bisexual. The seeds also have a straight embryo with little or no endosperm present.

Chocolate Mint from garden Lemon Balm (Melissa L.) from my garden

Members of Lamiaceae have essential oils. They have adapted to many different climates and grow everywhere. The flowers of these plants have a upper and lower lip. Both the oil and dried products are useful. Chocolate mint and lemon balm are two plants from Lamiaceae I grew in my garden last summer.
Peppermint is another organism is this family.

Members of Thymus are hardy, bushy shrubs. Their leaves are more or less wide and flat. They are arranged along the stem in a linear fashion. Melissa L. is another family in the genus Thymus. 

Thymus vulgaris is an aromatic, bushy shrub. Sizes range from 10 to 50 cm tall. It has distinct white, violet or pink flowers. The grey-green leaves sit across form each other and have a white bottom.

Below is a phylogenic tree of the Thymus genus. Other well-known genera like mint (Menta L.), sage (Salvia L.) and lemon balm (Melissa L.) are in same family as Thymus. They are in different genera because they produce different essential oils. In the genus Thymus, Thymus vulgaris is separated from the other species because of its habitat. Different habitats caused speciation in Thymus. More genetic variability means there is a better chance of survival. Thymus vulgaris has 6 different chemotypes making it the most diverse of the genus.

Phylogenic Tree of Lamiaceae Genus


Where does Thymus Vulgaris Live?

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